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Rabbit Flea Treatment 101

As a pet owner, you want to do everything in your power to make sure that your furry friend is healthy and happy. That’s why it’s important to be aware of the dangers that fleas can pose to your rabbit.


Fleas are not only a nuisance, but they can also transmit diseases and cause anaemia in rabbits. In severe cases, flea infestations can even be fatal.

Thankfully, several treatment options are available to help keep fleas under control.

Here’s what you need to know about treating a flea infestation.


How Do Rabbit Flea Treatments Work?

The first step in treating a flea infestation is identifying the type of flea causing the problem. The most common type of flea that affects rabbits is the Ctenocephalides felis or cat flea.

These fleas are small, dark-coloured, and have a flattened body. They spend their entire life cycle on their host, which in this case is your rabbit.

The female fleas lay eggs on the fur of their host. The eggs eventually hatch, and the larva burrow down into the fur. Once they mature, the adult fleas jump back onto the fur and start the cycle all over again.

Rabbit flea treatments work by interrupting this life cycle. Several different types of products are available, including spot-on treatments, collars, and oral medications.

Treatment is recommended monthly now to keep on top of them.


Spot-On Treatments

Spot-on treatments are the most common type of flea treatment for rabbits. They’re easy to use and tend to be very effective at killing fleas.

To apply spot-on treatment, you’ll need to part your rabbit’s fur and apply the product directly to their skin. You must avoid getting any of the medication on your fingers, as this can cause contact dermatitis in rabbits.


Flea Collars

Another popular treatment option for rabbits are flea collars. These are typically made with insecticides that kill the fleas on contact.

Flea collars can be effective, but they do tend to lose their effectiveness over time and require frequent replacement. They also need to be checked regularly to ensure that your rabbit hasn’t chewed through it!

Beware which flea collar you choose because typical cat flea collars will hold a larger dose. It is advisable to speak to your veterinarian first.


Oral Medications

Finally, several types of oral medications can be used to treat flea infestation in rabbits. These typically come in the form of tablets or liquid suspension, and they work by killing the adult fleas on your rabbit’s fur.

Although oral medications can be effective flea treatments, they can be dangerous if not used properly. Make sure to talk to your veterinarian before giving your rabbit any type of medication.

You can use these treatments in conjunction with a flea comb.

Note: You should never use cat flea treatments on a rabbit, it is toxic, so even if they are the same fleas, the same treatment cannot be used.


Preventing Flea Infestations

The best way to deal with fleas is to prevent them from infesting your rabbit in the first place. There are several things you can do to reduce the risk of fleas:

Keep your rabbit’s environment clean

This includes their cage, bedding, and any areas where they like to play. Regularly clean these areas to remove any fleas or eggs that may be present.

Use flea-resistant bedding

There are several types of bedding available that are resistant to fleas. This can help to create a barrier between your rabbit and any fleas that may be present in their environment.

You could also try a medicated rabbit shampoo.

Vacuum regularly

Fleas can live in your carpet and furniture, so make sure to vacuum these areas regularly. Be sure to dispose of the vacuum bag after each use to prevent the fleas from escaping back into your home.

A flea killing house spray can help.

Avoid contact with other animals that may have fleas

This includes cats, dogs, rodents, and other wild rabbits. Fleas can spread easily between animals, so it’s important to prevent your rabbit from coming into contact with these animals whenever possible.

Talk to your vet about flea prevention.

There are several types of medications available to help prevent and treat fleas. Talk to your veterinarian about the best options for your rabbit.


What Are Flea Eggs?

Flea eggs are tiny, white oval-shaped objects that are laid by adult fleas. As the name suggests, they’re very small—typically measuring only around 1mm in length.

Flea eggs can be found on the fur of their host animal where they can live for months off the host. They will then hatch rapidly when there is movement nearby and turn into larva, while the adult fleas on a rabbit are often easy to spot and remove, flea eggs (or flea larvae) can be much harder to find.

If flea eggs are ingested the larvae can grow into tapeworms which also need treating, they can grow nearly 5m long.

That’s why it’s essential to use regular rabbit flea treatments to kill the adult fleas and prevent the eggs from hatching.


How To Spot Flea Bites On Your Rabbit

Flea bites typically appear as small, red bumps on your rabbit's skin. They can be itchy and uncomfortable and may even cause your rabbit to scratch or bite at their skin.

If you notice any red bumps on your rabbit’s skin, it’s important to check for fleas. Use a fine-toothed comb to look for any fleas or eggs that may be present.

Both rabbit fleas and cat fleas can affect rabbits, so it is important to be aware of both types of fleas.


How Do Fleas Spread?

Fleas can spread quickly and easily between animals. They can jump long distances and can even hitch a ride on humans!

Fleas typically deposit their eggs on the fur of their host animal, where they will later hatch into larva. This larva can survive in an environment without a host for several days, which means that fleas can spread easily between different animals and locations.

This is why regular flea treatments are so important—they kill the fleas before an adult flea lays eggs on your rabbit!


Pregnant Rabbits

Pregnant rabbits are highly sensitive to fleas and their bites. A pregnant rabbit can easily miscarry if she is infested with fleas or even pass fleas to her offspring. Because treating baby rabbits for fleas can be difficult, it is important to keep your rabbit's environment as clean as possible and free of fleas. If you suspect your rabbit has fleas, take her to the vet right away for treatment.


Spotting Flea Poo

Flea poo, or flea dirt, is a sign of an infestation. It looks like small black granules and will often appear in the areas where your rabbit spends most of its time.

If you notice any flea poop on your rabbit’s fur or bedding, it’s important to take action right away.


A Note About Rabbit Fleas And Humans

Fleas can spread easily from rabbits to humans (and vice versa). While it’s uncommon for a human to contract an infestation of fleas from their rabbit, it’s still important to take precautions.

Be sure to wash your hands after handling your rabbit, and vacuum any areas of your home where your rabbit spends time. If you notice any fleas on yourself, be sure to wash your clothes and bathe immediately.



Fleas can be a serious problem for rabbits, so it’s important to take steps to prevent and treat them right away.

Use regular flea treatments, vacuum regularly, and wash your hands after handling your rabbit to prevent the spread of fleas. If you think your rabbit may have fleas, contact your veterinarian right away.



Are rabbit fleas the same as cat fleas?

Yes, rabbit fleas are the same as cat fleas. They’re both small, dark-coloured insects that feed on the blood of their host.

How long do rabbit fleas live?

Rabbit fleas typically live for around two weeks. However, they can lay eggs that will continue to live without a host, which means an infestation can persist for longer.

Can fleas kill my rabbit?

Fleas can cause anaemia in rabbits, which can be deadly. That’s why it’s so important to take steps to prevent and treat fleas right away.

How do I get rid of fleas in my house?

To get rid of fleas in your house, you will need to vacuum regularly, wash your clothes and bedding frequently, and use flea treatments.

What are the main rabbit flea symptoms?

The main rabbit flea symptoms are itching, scratching, and red bumps on the skin. If you notice any of these symptoms, it’s important to take action right away.